Autism Spectrum Disorders, including Asperger Syndrome, may affect as many as 1% of the population. Those with such conditions are far too frequently left undiagnosed and spend much of their formative and educational life being bullied and misunderstood, often underachieving even though their actual intelligence and IQ levels may be considerably above average.
Children on the autistic spectrum think and experience the world and other people differently, resulting in them misinterpreting and misunderstanding.
Educators therefore, need to be aware of how they can best support children on the autistic spectrum to receive an appropriate education, get along with others, and function independently in the world. Wherever possible, children with autism should be educated in a mainstream school, which means that classrooms must be inclusive, balancing the needs of the autistic child with the needs of others, creating an appropriate learning environment for all.
Other children with autism may need to be educated in independent schools, residential schools, special needs schools or schools for gifted children.