It cannot be overemphasised that anyone who develops a pressure ulcer is in a potentially life-threatening situation. Prevention of pressure ulcers is almost certainly better than cure and starts by identifying those who are at risk of developing a pressure ulcer, and then taking the necessary action to avoid skin breakdown. If someone is found to have an existing pressure ulcer, the aim will be to treat and prevent the ulcer from deteriorating any further. Any intervention will vary depending on the client and the risks that have been identified.
This programme has been written for everyone who will benefit from learning how to undertake risk assessment in relation to pressure area care and the risk of skin breakdown. This process could take place across a variety of health and social care settings, throughout hospitals, including operating departments, hospices, nursing and residential homes, day centres, and clients’ own homes. Risk assessment includes the use of different assessment tools selected for use to fit the client and the environment. The assessment could be undertaken by a variety of staff within the various care settings and is an ongoing process demanding constant review and evaluation.